Start of the day without change for the MOEX Russia Indexwhich begins on Tuesday March 7 with a variation of the 0.17%until the 2,290.16 dots, after opening. As for today’s changes from previous dates, the MOEX Russia Index With this data, he cuts the sequence he marked the previous two days.
Considering last week, the MOEX Russia Index shows an increase of 1.64%; but year on year it still shows a decline 37.07%. He MOEX Russia Index is located 0.17% below its maximum this year (2,294.12 points) and a 6.32% above its floor rate for the current year (2,153.96 points).
a stock market index is an indicator that shows how the price of a given set of assets is movingit therefore takes data from different companies or sectors of a part of the market.
These indicators are mainly used by the stock markets of various countries and each of them can be integrated by companies with certain characteristics like having a similar market capitalization or being in the same type of industry, there are also some indices that only consider a handful of stocks to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of stocks.
Stock indices serve as indicator of confidence in stock market, business confidence, health of national and global economy and stock investment performance and shares of the company. If investors are not confident, stock prices tend to fall.
They are also working to measure the performance of an asset manager and allow investors to make comparisons between return and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.
These types of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after the journalist Charles H. Dow. To carefully analyze how company stock prices tended to rise or fall together, he created two indexes: one that contained the 20 largest railway companies (because it was the largest industry in the era), as well as 12 shares of other types of companies
Currently in humanity there are various indices and They can agglomerate according to their location, their sectors, the size of the company or the type of assetFor example, the U.S. Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest companies with broad technology connections such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla ( TSLA), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).
Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the main factor is the market capitalization of each company that incorporates it. This is obtained by multiplying the value of the share on the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are on the market.
Listed companies are required to present a balance sheet of its composition. This report must be made public every three or six months, as the case may be.
Reading a stock market index also requires examining its variations over time. Current indices always start with a fixed value based on stock prices on their start date, but not everyone follows this method. It can therefore be a source of misunderstanding.
If one index increases by 500 points in one day, while another adds only 20, it may seem that the former has performed better. However, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, we can deduce that in percentage terms the gains for the second were considerable.
Between the major US stock indices is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as the Dow Jones, of which 30 companies are part. Likewise, the S&P500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, we must mention the Nasdaq 100which associates 100 of the largest non-financial companies.
On the other hand, the most important indices of Europe are the Euro Stoxx 50, which covers the 50 largest companies in the euro area. On the other hand, the DAX 30, the main German index containing the most outstanding companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; there FTSE100 the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 of the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35of the Spanish stock exchange.
In the asian continentthe main stock market indices are the Nikki 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also the SSE composite index, is considered the preeminent of China, consisting of the most important companies of the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role played by the Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and the KOSPI in South Korea.
As it concerns the Latin American regionyou have the IPCwhich contains the 35 most prestigious companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are part of the estate of tycoon Carlos Slim.
Another is the Bovespa, composed of the 50 most important companies of the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP Columbia; he IBC of Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Similarly, there are other types of global stock indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies from Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Likewise, there is MSCI World, which brings together 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational corporations on the entire planet.