This year, the markets have experienced constant volatility. (Infobase)

Ascent opening for the BSE Sensex 30which begins the session on Friday, March 17 with promotions from 0.7%until the 58,036.11 points, after the start of the opening session. Regarding the changes of this day compared to the previous days, the BSE Sensex 30 accumulates two consecutive sessions in positive numbers.

Looking at last week’s data, the BSE Sensex 30 records a fall 1.86%; but year on year it still racks up an increase of 2.74%. He BSE Sensex 30 is located at 5.35% below its maximum this year (61,319.51 points) and a 0.83% above its minimum price for the current year (57,555.90 points).

a stock market index It is an indicator that is used to know the evolution of the price of a certain set of assets.for which it collects data from different companies or sectors of a market fragment.

These indicators are mainly used by the stock markets of different countries of the world and each of them can be integrated by signatures with different specificities like having a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same industry, moreover, there are some indices that only consider a handful of stocks to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of stocks.

Stock indices serve as indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy and the performance of stock investments and shares of a company. Generally, if investors are not confident, stock prices will tend to fall.

They are also working to measure the performance of an asset manager and they allow investors to make a comparison between profitability and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.

These types of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after the journalist Charles H. Dow. To see carefully how company stocks tended to rise or fall together in price, he therefore created two indices: one that contained the 20 largest railroad companies (since that was the largest industry at the time), as well as 12 shares of other types of companies

Today there are various indices and They can join a union depending on their location, their sectors, the size of the companies or the type of assetFor example, the American Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest companies mainly related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA ), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the main component is the market capitalization of each company that incorporates it. This is obtained by multiplying the daily value of the security on the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares outstanding on the market.

Listed companies are required to present a balance sheet of its composition. This report must be made public every three or six months, as the case may be.

Reading a stock market index also requires taking care of its evolution over time. New indices always start with a fixed value based on security prices on their start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can be misleading.

If one index increases by 500 points in one day, while another adds only 20, it may seem that the former has performed better. However, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, it can be assumed that in percentage terms the gains for the second were higher.

Between the major US stock indices is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as the Dow Jones, made up of 30 companies. Also S&P500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, we must not forget the Nasdaq 100which includes 100 of the largest non-financial companies.

On the other hand, the most important indices of Europe are the Euro Stoxx 50, which covers the 50 largest companies in the euro area. Him too DAX 30, the main German index containing the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; there FTSE100 the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 of the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35of the Spanish stock exchange.

In Asiawe have the Nikki 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also the SSE composite index, is considered the preeminent of China, consisting of the most important companies of the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role played by the Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and the KOSPI in South Korea.

As it concerns Latin Americayou have the IPCwhich contains the 35 Most Powerful Companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are part of the estate of tycoon Carlos Slim.

Another is the Bovespa, composed of the 50 most important companies of the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP Columbia; he IBC of Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.

Similarly, there are other types of global stock indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies from Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Likewise, there is MSCI World, which brings together 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational corporations on the entire planet.

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