Rise opening for BSE Sensex 30which begins the day on Wednesday, July 13 with rises of 0,6%until the 54,210.10 points, after opening. If we confront the value with days gone by, the BSE Sensex 30 ends two flat streak sessions.
In the last seven days, the BSE Sensex 30 recorded a rise in 0,85%so that in year-on-year terms it still maintains an increase in 3,12%. The BSE Sensex 30 stands one 11,58% below its maximum so far this year (61,308.91 points) and a 5,55% above its minimum value for the current year (51,360.42 points).
Stock market indices… for what?
a stock index is an indicator that shows how the value of a set of assets changes for which it takes data from different companies or sectors of a fragment of the market.
These indicators are mainly used by the stock exchanges of the countries and each of them can be integrated by signatures with certain characteristics such as having a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same type of industry, also, there are some indices that only take into account a handful of shares to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of shares.
Stock market indices serve as indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy and the performance of investments in shares and shares of an entity. Generally, if investors lack confidence, stock prices will tend to fall.
They also work to measure the performance of an asset manager and allow analysis of comparisons between profitability and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.
This type of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after journalist Charles H. Dow. carefully researched how company stocks tended to go up or down in price together, so he created two indices: one containing the top 20 railroad companies (it was the biggest industry at the time), as well as 12 actions of other types of businesses
Today in humanity there are various indices and they can be associated based on their location, sectors, company size or even the type of assetFor example, the US Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest companies mostly related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA ), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).
How is it calculated and how to read them?
Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the main factor is the market capitalization of each company that integrates it. This is obtained by multiplying the value of the day of the bond in the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are in the hands of investors.
Companies listed on the stock exchange are required to present a balance of its composition. Said report must be disclosed every three or six months, as appropriate.
Reading a stock index also involves paying attention to its changes over time. New indices always start with a fixed value based on stock prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can lead to failures.
If one index sees an increase of 500 points in one day, while another only adds 20, it might seem like the first one outperformed. However, if the former started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, it can be deduced that, in percentage terms, the gains for the latter were considerable.
What are the main stock indices?
Between the main stock indices in the American Union There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, made up of 30 companies. Also, the S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Lastly, it is worth mentioning the Nasdaq 100which links 100 of the largest non-financial firms.
On the other hand, the most outstanding indices of Europa are the Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 largest companies in the eurozone. In addition, the DAX 30, the main German index that contains the most outstanding companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; the FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; the CAC 40 of the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35of the Spanish stock market.
In the asian continentthe main stock indices are the Nikkei 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also the SSE Composite Index, is seen as the strongest in China, made up of the most prominent companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role played by Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and the KOSPI in South Korea.
Talking about the Latin American regionyou have the IPCwhich contains at 35 most prestigious firms of the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them belong to the capital of tycoon Carlos Slim.
Another is the bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the São Paulo stock exchange; the Merval from Argentina; the IPSA From Chile; the MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; the IBC of Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Also, there are other types of global stock indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Similarly, there is the MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; the MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational firms on the planet.