This year, the markets have experienced constant volatility. (Infobase)

Positive day for him Nikki 225which closed the session on Friday, March 17, with increases in the 1.17%until the 27,327.26 points. He Nikki 225 reached the maximum number of 27,356.15 points and the minimum number of 27,071.71 dots. The trading range for the Nikki 225 between its highest point and its lowest point (maximum-minimum) during this day, it was at the 1.04%.

Last week the Nikki 225 accumulates a drop of 2.9%; but year-over-year, it still maintains a rise of 8.6%. He Nikki 225 is located at 4.53% below its maximum this year (28,623.15 points) and a 6.26% above its minimum valuation for the current year (25,716.86 points).

a stock market index It is an indicator that is used to know the evolution of the price of a set of assetsfor which it takes data from various companies or sectors of a market fragment.

These indicators are mainly used by the stock markets of various countries and each of them can be integrated by signatures with different specificities like having a similar market capitalization or being in the same type of industry, similarly, some indices only consider a handful of stocks to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of stocks.

Stock indices serve as indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy and the performance of stock investments and shares of a company. If investors are not confident, stock values ​​will tend to fall.

They are also working to measure the performance of an asset manager and they allow investors to have comparisons between profitability and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.

These types of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after the journalist Charles H. Dow. To carefully analyze how company stock prices tended to rise or fall together, he created two indexes: one that contained the 20 largest railway companies (because it was the largest industry in the era), as well as 12 shares of other types of companies

Currently in humanity there are various indices and they can agglomerate according to their geography, their sectors, the size of the companies or the type of assetFor example, the U.S. Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest companies with broad technology connections such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla ( TSLA), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the main factor is the market capitalization of each company that incorporates it. This is obtained by multiplying the value of the security on the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are in the hands of the investors.

Listed companies are required to present a balance sheet of its composition. This report must be notified every three or six months, as the case may be.

Reading a stock market index also means taking care of its evolution over time. New indices always start with a fixed value based on stock prices on their start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it may seem misleading.

If one index adds 500 points in one day, while another only adds 20, it may appear that the former has outperformed. However, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, it can be deduced that in percentage terms the gains for the second were greater.

Between the main stock indices of the American Union is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as the Dow Jones, of which 30 companies are part. Likewise, the S&P500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, the Nasdaq 100which associates 100 of the largest non-financial companies.

On the other hand, the most important indices of Europe are the Euro Stoxx 50, which covers the 50 largest companies in the euro area. On the other hand, the DAX 30, the main German index containing the most outstanding companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; there FTSE100 the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 of the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35of the Spanish stock exchange.

In Asiathe main stock market indices are the Nikki 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also the SSE composite index, which is listed as the most representative of China, consisting of the most important companies of the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Also, it is worth mentioning the Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and the KOSPI in South Korea.

As it concerns Latin Americayou have the IPCwhich contains the 35 Most Powerful Companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them belong to tycoon Carlos Slim.

Another is the Bovespa, composed of the 50 most important companies of the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP Columbia; he IBC of Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.

Similarly, there are other types of global stock indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies from Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Likewise, there is MSCI World, which brings together 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational corporations on the entire planet.

Categorized in: