A group Nicaraguan opponents who last month were stripped of their nationality by the dictatorship of Daniel Ortegato consider them”traitors to the country“, they asked this Friday for the support and protection of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR).
At an ex officio hearing of the IACHRheld in Los Angeles as part of its session, the body said in a report that 31 of the 94 people declared “stateless” on February 16 are over 60 and also were deprived of their old-age pensions to which they are entitled under the law.
“I’m 69 and have been working since I was 18. My retirement has been canceled and I’m in exile,” the journalist and feminist activist said in a video shown during the session. Sofia Montenegroone of the persons concerned by the forfeiture of nationality.
Besides Montenegro, which fled the country after learning of the Ortega regime’s unprecedented court ruling, exiled journalists Lucia Pineda and Aníbal Toruño They were deprived of their homes, which passed into the hands of the state.
“Forcible transfer is a crime against humanity“, warned lawyer Uriel Pineda, based in Mexico and who was also exiled by the Sandinista dictatorship. Pineda asked the IACHR “precautionary measures for all concerned“, in order to be able to count on “a international protection”.
Forfeiture of Nicaraguan nationality and confiscation of property was applied, among others, to the renowned writer Sergio Ramirezsays the poet Mona Lisa Bellias well as 22 journalistslawyers, social activists and human rights defenders exiled since the social protests of 2018.
Several countries have offered residency and citizenship to affected Nicaraguans, including Spain, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Brazil.
They were also harmed by the withdrawal of nationality 222 opponents released and deported to the United States on February 9, among them were seven former presidential candidates in the 2021 election, when Ortega was reelected to a fourth consecutive term.
According to IACHRat least 87 of the 316 people declared “stateless” are beneficiaries of interim measures of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR Court) and a dozen benefit precautionary measures.
The commission stressed that the withdrawal of nationality also affects the children, grandchildren and other relatives of the people indicated by Ortega, who since then have lived sustainably “Threats and police siegein Nicaragua.
The report cites the case of a young woman who received “a new birth certificateafter removal of the father’s surname”, which now affects your procedures in your current country of residence.
“Stripping them of their nationality and removing their names from public records has an impact on the identity and lives of individuals and their children.said Esmeralda de Troitiño, IACHR rapporteur for Nicaragua.
He indicated that the signatory countries of the Statelessness Convention should accommodate those affected, so he urged Nicaraguans to “explore” citizenship alternatives in those countries.
“The loss of nationality is equivalent to civil death and it is a serious crimewarned Commissioner Joel Hernández, who accompanied the IACHR on its first visits to Nicaragua in 2018, to document human rights violations during the state repression of civic demonstrations.
For her part, Carla Sequeira, a lawyer and human rights defender, also in exile, pleaded for the life and integrity of 37 “political prisoners-36 men and one woman- who are still imprisoned, including the Catholic bishop Rolando Alvarez and the prisoner Alexander Ramoswho refused to board the plane leaving for exile on February 9.
“We ask the IACHR to continue to accompany the victims with precautionary measures in a diligent mannersaid Braulio Abarca of the Nicaraguan human rights group Nunca Más.
At the end of the hearing, the President of the Commission, Margaret May Macaulaysaid that the Nicaraguan regime had acted “illegally and in violation of existing laws”, and promised that the IACHR would continue to “work diligently to try to correct these serious and disproportionate violations against the Nicaraguan people”.
(With information from The Associated Press)