Holy Week is celebrated with great fervor in cities with strong Catholic roots like Peru. (Andean)

There Holy Week It is one of the most important religious holidays in the Catholic calendar in which all its followers show great isolation and generally follow each of the traditions that are repeated year after year these days to the letter.

And despite the fact that many may come to the conclusion that it has been celebrated since Jesus was on earth, the truth is that they had to pass several centuries after his death so that the celebration of Holy Week is definitively established.

Traditionally, Holy Week begins with Palm Sunday and ends seven days later with him called Easter Sunday.

During this week, faithful believers celebrate what is called Easter triduum. This includes the passion, death, resurrection of Jesus Christ. and this is its origin.

that’s how it all started

Orthodox icon representing the Council of Nicaea I. (Coemgenus)
Orthodox icon representing the Council of Nicaea I. (Coemgenus)

Everything described above is related (more details, less details) in the holy book of Christians: the Bible. There, the apostles who had the most journalistic soul (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) They told how the events happened and are remembered two thousand years later.

They recount all that their eyes have seen in the previous days and what happened after the day of the crucifixion of the self-proclaimed Son of God. all events coincided with Passover, the holiday that celebrates the liberation of the Jewish people from slavery in ancient Egypt.

After the death and, supposedly, the ascension of Jesus into heaven, they had to pass almost three thousand years so that everything is duly established in the Catholic calendar. It happened in the First Council of Nicaeain the year 325.

Christian bishops from all over the world came to this meeting in the Turkish city known until then and is considered the first great council of the Catholic and Orthodox Church. The same that happened between May 20 and June 19.

Likewise, it was recorded that this meeting was called by Bishop Osio of Córdoba and later supported by the Roman Emperor Constantine I, that he was already beginning to show some sympathy for Christianity.

One of the main agreements made at that time was that they gave him the nature of Son of God to Jesus; The first part of the Nicaean Creed was also constructed, the first Canon Law and obviously the obligatory fulfillment of Easter celebrations were enacted.

to the rest of the world

Paul VI presiding over the celebration of the second session of the Second Vatican Council from the presbytery of St. Peter's Basilica (Lothar Wolleh)
Paul VI presiding over the celebration of the second session of the Second Vatican Council from the presbytery of St. Peter’s Basilica (Lothar Wolleh)

From now on away year 325, Holy Week spread throughout the world as Catholicism gained ground and followers. In this sense, each region of the world and each country has built its own identity in these days of meditation.

The first to celebrate Holy Week, after its institution, were the Jews converted to Christianity. Soon after, the early Romans adopted Christianity as their new religion. The earliest records of this date back to the 4th century.

Likewise, the spirit of Holy Week has changed over time. for example from the 11th centurythe idea was to contemplate the passion and death of Christ and try to feel what he was going through by imitating him through acts of penance.

In this sense, on Good Friday there was a very rigorous mourning. On that day the Eucharist was not celebrated, peace was not offered in the Liturgical Acts, only the pre-sanctified were communicated. Neither you could play musical instrumentsblack was used as the official vestment, the liturgical services began in absolute silence, all the files on their knees and prostrate before the father who celebrated the mass.

However, everything would change after the Vatican Council II, developed in 1962, since then, and to this day, the new meaning of Good Friday is a feast for the triumph of Christ over death. Moreover, the parents have ceased to dress in black to officiate the liturgy dressed in red.

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