Danger of heatstroke: long hours of exposure to the sun, dehydration and exhaustion can lead to death
The summer of 2023 is one of the hottest in recent years and records temperature peaks of up to 31°C in the metropolis of Lima. Even at night, the feeling of warmth also increased.
Heat stroke: what it is and what to do to prevent it
In recent days there has been an increase in temperature and prolonged exposure could trigger heat shock, so you should be alert for any symptoms.
For this week, the National Hydrology and Meteorology Service (Senamhi) predicts that in the metropolis of Lima there will be hot days that can reach 30°C in the eastern districts of Lima and up to 28°C in the western districts of Lima.
Given the warning of intense heat and sunny days, it is important to take precautions as prolonged exposure to the sun can cause serious damage to the body such as premature aging of the skin due to The UV radiation and the calls “heatstroke”.
A picture of heatstroke occurs when, due to the sun exposure for several hours, the body is unable to regulate temperature. The main warning signs are reddening of the skin, headache, dizziness, fever, nausea, confusion, diarrhea, dry mouth, rapid breathing and even loss of consciousness.
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The population most at risk of suffering from complications related to high temperatures is children and elderly. This is why you have to be more careful and avoid spending several hours in the sun.
There Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) pointed out that heat stroke is considered a life-threatening medical emergency For this reason, it is of vital importance that people who show symptoms associated with this condition are immediately transferred to the hospital to receive the corresponding care.
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He heat exhaustion It is manifested by profuse sweating, cold and pale skin, dizziness or fainting, headache, rapid breathing and weak pulse. If you don’t get timely treatment, it can lead to heat stroke.
PAHO has indicated that it should be Avoid sun exposure to carry out exercises or intense activities during the hottest hours. He said children and the elderly should be prevented from staying in parked vehicles for a long time. Health authorities consider that the central hours of the day, between 11:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., represent a greater risk.
He also stressed the importance of Stay hydrated that is why he recommended drinking water every two hours, even without being thirsty.
Is Health indicated that during the hottest days it should be dress in light clothes because tight clothes act like a thermos, accumulating heat in the body.
For his part, he National Institute of Health (INS) indicated that it was necessary to ensure that homes and workplaces remained ventilated and, if possible, to install a fan. Moreover, he pointed out that food plays an important role Therefore, the consumption of vegetables and fruits should be favored at all meals and avoid alcoholic beverages and abundant and fatty or high-sugar dishes.
“Present a case of heat stroke anti-fever drugs should not be used because they could be harmful. You should go to a health facility immediately,” the entity said.