Temperature, probability of rain, clouds and ultraviolet rays are some of the information you need to know before leaving home. (GlobeLiveMedia/Jovani Perez)

He type of weather that there is in a certain place is determined by various factors among which the altitude, the latitude, the orientation of the relief, the distance to the sea and the sea currents and gives guidelines to the so-called “weather weather” which in turn is supported by other elements such as the temperature, pressure, wind, humidity and precipitation to delineate the atmospheric conditions of a short-term territory.

To classify the climate, the system developed by Wladimir Köppen is generally used, although there is also the Thornthwaite system, the latter which also takes into account biological diversity and the effects of climate change on it. Others, such as Bergeron and Spacial Synoptic, are interested in the origin of the air masses that define the climate of a region.

Due to climate change, currently the planet is in a process of redistribution in which any change, however small, in the average annual temperature leads to changes in habitats and their conditions.

In this context, here we leave you the weather forecast for Lima.

In Lima, it is planned a maximum temperature of 26 degrees Celsius and a minimum of 21 degrees Celsius.

As for the rain the probability of precipitation for this city will be 25% during the day and 23% at night.

In the same direction, the cloudiness will be 53% during the day and 96% at night. While the gusts of wind they will reach 28 kilometers per hour during the day and 26 kilometers per hour at night.

Watch out for the sun, ultraviolet rays should reach a level of up to 12.

    (GlobeLiveMedia file)
(GlobeLiveMedia file)

In the department of Lima there are about ten types of climatedetermined by its proximity to the sea to the west and altitude to the east, presented mainly an arid and temperate climatic state, as well as zero humidity throughout the year.

Of all the states of the time, the one that predominates and that covers almost half of the territory of the said department is the arid with low humidity.

This climatic state is particular given the geographical conditions of the city, since it is located in a tropical area and practically at sea level. The key to understanding the type of climate in Lima comes from its proximity to the Andes Cordillera , as well as the Peruvian Cold Current or Humboldt Current, coming from the south.

The climate extends from the province of Cañete in the south and to the province of Barranca in the north, passing through the capital of Peru, practically a desert, where the rain falls very little and only between the months of July and September.

In the midst of this arid climate, “hill” ecosystems are formed in the provinces of Cañete, Lima, Huaral and Huaura, developed under the influence of winter mists and drizzlescreating a cool and humid environment in the middle of the desert.

In areas furthest from the coast and with it a higher altitude, the weather changes from arid to semi-arid and further east appear the cold and even rain a little more constant in summer.

The mountains, jungle and coast influence the type of climate in Peru (Picture: File)
The mountains, jungle and coast influence the type of climate in Peru (Picture: File)

Peru and its 38 climates

In Peru, up to 38 types of weather are feltaccording to the National Meteorology and Hydrology Service (Senamhi), this is due to the interaction between different climatic and geographical factors.

These main factors, details the Senamhi, are its geographical position under the Tropic of Capricorn and the proximity of the Andes mountain range.

Among the 38 climates, Senamhi highlights three main which are defined according to the area of ​​the country in which they are located.

On the coast of the South American country, which meets the Pacific Ocean and covers barely 11.6% of the national territory, the weather prevailing there is arid and temperatebeing its main climatic characteristic the rarity of the rains.

In the sawthe area close to the Andes and which occupies 28.1% of Peruvian territory, the climate is rainy and cold mostly.

While in the junglewhere the tropical climate of Peru is most filled, occupying 60.3% of its surface, the weather is defined as very rainy and hot.

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