Felipe Garzón and Gabriel Fuenmayor are just two names of the 145 people LGBTIQ+ who were murdered between December 1 and December 31, 2022. The figure comes from monitoring the situation of human rights of LGBTIQ+ people in Colombia, presented in the document “What is not forgotten is not killed: Report on the human rights situation of LGBTIQ+ people in Colombia” produced by Caribbean Affirmative and presented on March 15 in Cartagena de Indias. In total, the organization denounced 5,051 cases of human rights violations in Colombia.
The study found that of the 145 cases, the majority were against trans people, 49 facts (33.79%), including 25 men and 24 trans women; these were followed by gay men, with 47 victims (32%); in the case of lesbian women, 14 murders were recorded; while in the case of bisexual people, a total of 14 were reported, 10 men and 4 women.
The departments with the highest concentration of these crimes are Valle del Cauca (25) and Antioquia (24), while in Bogotá, Nariño, Cauca and Magdalena there were eight cases each.
However, the highest figure is the bodily injury, since throughout 2022, 4,082 complaints were registered, according to data from the Office of the Attorney General of the Nation. Of the total, 1,219 were against gay men935 against lesbians, 613 against bisexual women and 468 against bisexual men, finally, 417 against trans people.
In front of security, 3,527 victims of threats87% of cases individually, possibly motivated by sexual orientation and gender identity, 7% were against social leaders in the LGBTIQ+ Communitythe remaining 5% said they had been intimidated with weapons.
Regarding the distribution of threats, the majority took place in the capital, with 909 victims, followed by Valle del Cauca, 321, and Santander, 303. However, Antioquia is home to the highest number of threats against human rights defenders. rights.
In connection with the police violence, throughout the year 102 victims were reported, compared to previous years there was a decrease, but the organization stressed that this is not significant. The main victims, in this indicator, are homosexuals with 35% of cases and lesbians with 21%.
“According to the latest human rights reports prepared by Caribe Afirmativo, cases of violence committed by members of the National Police against LGBTIQ+ people have been documented, characterized by irregular procedures, physical and verbal attacks, arbitrary arrests, subpoenas, corrective measures without justification or different forms of intimidation of victims” was explained in the report.
Regarding acts of harassment, 411 cases were reported, concentrated in the Valle del Cauca with 137, followed by Antioquia (56) and Cundinamarca (54). While the cases of discrimination amounted to 1,314 complaints, including 625 in Bogotá, 173 in Antioquia, 144 in Valle del Cauca and 62 in Santander.
Against this category, Caribbean Affirmative warned that discrimination and harassment respond to international dynamics, to the set of identities that are incumbent on a person, so that they respond not only to prejudices against gender identity or sexual-emotional orientation, but also to racism, xenophobia, aporophobia, etc.
The report explains that the threats are intended to intimidate, exclude or restrict the enjoyment or full enjoyment of people’s rights LGBTIQ+a situation described as serious, since there is an increase in those who direct social processes.
In the end, the document presents 11 recommendations to the Colombian State, among which highlights the need to increase the formulation and implementation of public policies in the territories, to strengthen the systems and mechanisms for collecting information on people LGBTIQ+ in the country and the strengthening of the gender approach in the judicial and tax institutions responsible for monitoring cases.
You can see the full report below:
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