And Magnitude 3.4 earthquake surprised the people of the Chilean city of Socaire This Monday, February 27, reported the National Seismology Center (CSN).
According to preliminary information, the telluric movement began at 01:58 (local time), when the earth has moved to a depth of 256.0 kilometers.
The CNS pointed out that the exact location of the epicenter It was at -23.997 degrees latitude and -67.404 degrees longitude, i.e. 67.0 kilometers southeast of the city.
Remember that before any earthquake only follow information from official sources, avoid falling into the trap of rumors or fake news.
After an earthquake, check your house to check for possible effects, only use your mobile phone in an emergency, avoid saturating telephone linesdo not light matches or candles before make sure there are no gas leaks. It is important to mention that after a major seismic activity, replies can be filedit is therefore important to be vigilant.
An earthquake can happen at any time, so it is important to be prepared with the following measures: prepare a civil protection plan, organize evacuation drills, find safe areas home, school or workplace and set up a emergency backpack.
during an earthquake stay calm and find a safe place, stay away from falling objects, do not use elevators, do not stay in the stairwell or doorway.
Chile is one of the countries with the greatest seismic activity in the worldthis is due to its geographical and geotectonic location, since it is in one of the areas with increased energy releasein the permanent convergence of “Nazca Plate” and “South American Plate”in the so-called subdiction zone.
Additionally, the country is located in the area known as Ring of the Pacific or Ring of Fireconsidered the region with the highest number of volcanoes and earthquakes on the planet.
This area concentrates 75% of the volcanoes that exist in the world and includes more than 450 volcanic structures, moreover, this is where they occur 90% of the world’s seismic activity and 81% of the strongest telluric movements of the planet.
The Pacific Ring of Fire reaches the entire Pacific Coast, starting from Chile, passing through Central America, Mexico, the United States, crossing the Aleutian Islands, later along the coasts of Russia, Japan, Taiwan and the Philippines, until reaching New Zealand.
Some volcanoes located in the Pacific Ring of Fire that have produced major eruptions with great damage on a global scale are: Krakatoa In Indonesia, Mount Fuji In Japan, mont saint helene in the United States, the Chichon in Mexico and Nevado del Ruiz in Colombia, among others.
Since 1570, about 100 strong earthquakes have occurred in Chile, nearly thirty of which were of magnitude greater than 8.
According to the Department of Emergency and Disaster Risk Management, it occurs on average an earthquake of magnitude greater than 8 every ten years. These are some of the most relevant tremors recorded in the history of Chile.
The strongest earthquake in history
On the afternoon of May 22, 1960, a largest earthquake ever recorded, of magnitude 9.5, had its epicenter in the city of Traiguén, in the province of Malleco. However, it is known as “Valdivia Earthquake” because that’s where the most damage was.
Seismic activity also caused a tsunami with waves up to 10 meters high which devastated much of the south of the country. The tsunami suffered beyond Chile, reaching Asia, in Japan for example, it was hit by waves six meters high, causing several deaths and significant damage in its wake.
The last great earthquake
The last major earthquake to hit Chile was the one called “27F” which occurred on February 27, 2010, the second strongest earthquake in its history.
With a magnitude of 8.8the seismic activity had as its epicenter the coasts of the Maule region and surprised the population at dawn.
As in 1960, less than an hour after the earthquake, a tsunami hit the country, mainly in the Maule and Biobío regions. Outside Chile, the tsunami reached Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Costa Rica, without major damage.
On the night of January 24, 1939, a the deadliest earthquake in the history of Chile. An earthquake of magnitude 8.3 it was felt from Valparaíso and as far as Temuco, however, it was in Concepción and Chillán where the most damage was concentrated.
This telluric movement was called the Chillán earthquake because it caused the most destruction there, just to say that more than half of its buildings have collapsed.
The 1939 Chillán earthquake is Chile’s deadliest tragedy. The official death toll was 24,000, but some estimate it was close to 30,000, although only 5,685 have been identified.
In addition to the aforementioned earthquakes, there have been other significant ones in the history of Chile.
For example, there was two other telluric movements of magnitude greater than 8.5however, these have occurred over 100 years ago -not counting the aforementioned earthquakes-, according to CSN records.
The early morning of July 8, 1730 felt an 8.7 magnitude quake in Valparaíso that killed around 3,000 people. Another earthquake, this time 8.8 magnitude, was reported in Arica the night of September 16, 1615, which surprisingly no deaths.
On the other hand, there two other earthquakes that left a death toll of more than 2,000: on the night of May 9, 1877, in Iquique, a an earthquake of magnitude 8.5; and that of the morning of February 8, 1570, which had a magnitude of 8.3.
Melissa Galbraith is the World News reporter for Globe Live Media. She covers all the major events happening around the World. From Europe to Americas, from Asia to Antarctica, Melissa covers it all. Never miss another Major World Event by bookmarking her author page right here.
For tips or news submission: email@example.com