Unemployment in CDMX: 25% of the citizens of the capital were unemployed in the last three months

Unemployment in CDMX: 25% of the citizens of the capital were unemployed in the last three months

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25% of the inhabitants of Mexico City lost their job in the last three months, that is, one of four residents of the capital stopped receiving their source of income during the mentioned period. This figure is two percentage points higher than that registered last December, when 23% indicated job loss according to the most recent survey of The financial.

However, according to the media, the figure is also below the 30% who reported that they lost their job or their income in June, August and September 2020.

It should be noted that this survey was conducted by telephone to 400 citizens of the 16 municipalities, on January 9, 2021. With a confidence level of 95%, the margin of error for the estimates is +/- 4.9.

On the other hand, at the national level, there was a loss of 647,710 formal jobs in 2020, which is equivalent to a 3.2% drop with respect to the same period of the previous year, as reported by the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) on January 12.

(Photo: EFE / Mario Guzmán)

The above represents a monthly drop of 277,820 positions, equivalent to a monthly rate of -1.4%. This decrease is less than the average rate reported in December since there is a record, of -1.8%. And it is less than that reported in the last five years in the same month.

In this sense, two entities of the country concentrated the 54.6% of the total loss of formal jobs during 2020 caused by measures to contain contagions from the coronavirus pandemic: Quintana Roo and Mexico City.

Mexico City represented the 39.6% of job losses, that is, 256,145 positions; while Quintana Roo had a loss of 97,381 its first fall after 11 years of increases.

Then -in thousands of places- Puebla is found with 39.2; followed by Guanajuato with 34.4; later Edomex with 32.8; Jalisco with 32.3; Veracruz with 24.2; New Lion with 22.6, Tamaulipas with 20; and Yucatan with 19.8.

(Photo: Reuters / Nick Oxford)

As of December 31, 2020, they have been registered with the IMSS 19,773,732 jobs; of these, 86% are permanent and 14% are temporary. In recent years, these percentages have remained relatively constant.

In this context, the sectors with annual growth in jobs are the agricultural with 1.4%; social and community services with 0.4%; and electricity with 0.3%. By state, Baja California, Tabasco and Chihuahua continue with positive annual variation.

Derived from the above, various movements and demonstrations have emerged throughout the pandemic to request the reopening of businesses and establishments, after being affected by the red traffic light measures imposed in the Mexican capital, that generated loss of jobs or source of income.

(Photo: Mario Jasso / Cuartoscuro)

(Photo: Mario Jasso / Cuartoscuro) 

Such is the case of restaurateurs, who under the motto “We open or we die” They demanded to be considered an essential activity and thus be able to reopen their establishments that have remained closed since the return to the red light. It was thus that the capital government reached an agreement in which it authorized to open this Monday, January 18, with the program “Reactivate without risking”, They would reopen their doors to diners under strict restrictions.

– Have a terrace and outdoor spaces.

-Maintain a distance of 1.5 meters between the tables and arranged in zig-zag in order to keep a healthy distance.

– No more than four people per table.

– Ask the diner to register their stay with a QR code that must be at the entrance of the establishment.

-Perform COVID-19 PCR tests on employees every week.


Ben Oakley
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